Working capital management of the enterprise in conditions of using the micro-logistics strategy
The main parameters of efficiency management of working capital of the enterprise assumes the size of financial investments (the size of the deposit) and the settlement period with suppliers.
At the entrance of a controlled micrologistic subsystemfrom consumers of finished goods, money is received in a certain amount and in a certain period of time (the settlement period with customers). In addition, short-term bank loans and funds for the return of deposit deposits are received at the entrance.
At the output of a controlled micrologisticSubsystems for the payment of supplies of material resources are received after the shipment of material resources. The output also receives cash to pay taxes and deductions, cash to repay short-term bank loans, cash to form deposit deposits, i.e. the entire financial component of the company's capital.
Working capital management of the enterprise inThe sphere of regulation of the level of funds on settlement and deposit accounts is carried out as follows. First of all, at the beginning of the planning period, a deposit account is opened for a cash amount that exceeds the deposit amount. In case this amount is less than the deposit, the deposit account does not open. Thus, the opening of a deposit account is postponed until the time when the excess condition is met. In addition, if on current account the current cash reserve is less than zero, then it is necessary to take a short-term loan in the bank. If the current cash reserve exceeds the amount of the loan in the settlement account, which is the first in the repayment queue, then it is necessary to repay this loan.
In the event that the time from the receipt of a loanreaches the end of the settlement period for which a short-term loan is issued, then the company's working capital management should be directed to repayment of the loan. At the same time, part of the loan is repaid at the expense of the deposit, for which the required amount is transferred from the deposit account. At the first opportunity, the value of the deposit account is again restored to its previous level.
Regulation of settlements with suppliers andmanagement of working capital of the enterprise in this area of activity is carried out as follows. The supplier of material resources receives a proposal from the subject of management on the value of an acceptable calculation period. In turn, the supplier to the management entity also receives information about the acceptable value of the settlement period.
In the event that the payment of material resourcesoccurs after a specified period of time after the shipment of material resources. When an enterprise is not threatened with bankruptcy, the payment of material resources occurs through an additional set period of time, and by the amount of settlements with suppliers, which understatement will not lead to loss of the company's solvency. In addition, there is a payment after the previous moment of payment for labor. Also there is a payment of taxes and deductions after the previous moment of payments under taxes and deductions.
As practice shows, the management of the mainthe capital of the enterprise as external influences (disturbances) presupposes the prices of material and energy resources and the periods of payments for payments. With such management, the methods of managing own capital (Money Management, MM) are the same, but it is preferable to consider those that are most effective in resisting risks. So MM should be made tougher, so that the safety of the deposit was higher in importance than profitability.
Solve such a problem can the control subsystem, which works as follows.
The control subsystem receives information about theexternal influences on the control object and information about the internal state of the system. In addition, the control subsystem receives information on the results of the management of the object: the size of the criterion of optimality, the actual value of the indicators, which were imposed restrictions (in the form of normative indicators). First of all, on the basis of the size of current assets and short-term liabilities, the objectives of the management of the object and the imposed restrictions are determined, which is realized with the help of a set of objective functions.
If the object management goals do not change, then the value of the optimality criterion and the main indicators are calculated.