Well, let the cable be weightless, inextensible, ultra-thin and extra-strong. Well, explain to the personthat he badly taught physics at school, and he knew that, he forgot completely - if we pick up some load at the station, then, roughly speaking, we pull this station off the orbit with a rope. So, or not? A permanent orbit correction will be needed and a significant part of the cargo will be fuel and oxidizer. And the atmosphere? Well, the station in geocentric orbit, relative to the Earth and the atmosphere as a whole, is stationary, the cable with cosmic velocities will not cut the air, but there is also quite strong wind. And the cable, albeit a superfine one, has some kind of sail, too. For some reason it seems to me that in terrestrial conditions this elevator will not work very well. If on some asteroid, then - yes, most likely an irreplaceable thing.
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