Where does the name of the city of Zaporozhye come from?

Where does the name of the city of Zaporozhye come from?

  1. Zaporozhye - "lying behind the rapids." The name of the city reminds that before the construction of the Dnieper Hydroelectric Power Station, the Dnieper River near the city crossed the Ukrainian Shield, and in this place there were numerous rapids that prevented navigation. After the construction of the hydropower station, the thresholds flooded.
  2. Zaporozhye is a city on the Dnieper River. In 1775 year on this place the fortress, named Alexandrovskaya, was founded, from 1906 year - the city of Alexandrovsk. Renamed in 1921 year. Above the city, near the famous Dnieper rapids on the island of Khortytsya, there used to be Zaporozhskaya Sich - the center of the Ukrainian Cossacks
    . Zaporozhye is the administrative center of the Zaporozhye region in Ukraine. The city is located on the banks of the Dnieper River. One of the largest centers of machine building in Ukraine, ferrous and non-ferrous metallurgy, as well as one of the largest river ports on the Dnieper.

    The population of Zaporozhye is 770 thousand people, this is a large Ukrainian city.

    History

    Zaporozhye in Ukraine (by analogy with Novgorod in Russia) is considered the cradle of Ukrainian statehood. It was here that the first separate Ukrainian state entity Zaporizhzhya Sich was formed. The history of this city is very interesting.

    The first settlements of people in the territory of modern Zaporozhye date back to 5 thousand years before our era. Then in these parts lived the tribes of the so-called Srednestogovskaya culture. The remnants of the most ancient settlement were found on the island of Khortitsa in the Zaporizhzhya region.

    Before the formation of Kievan Rus in the territory and in the vicinity of modern Zaporozhye lived the Khazars and Bulgars.

    In the times of Kievan Rus and the Byzantine Empire (10th century), during the reign of Prince Igor of Kiev and the Byzantine emperor Constantine, several crossings across the Dnieper existed on the territory of the city.

    In 1103 in the territory of modern Zaporozhye between the Russian princes Vladimir, Svyatopolk and Polovtsy hordes a battle took place in which the Kiev princes kept a convincing victory.

    In the thirteenth century, the Zaporozhye region, like all southern Dnieper lands, suffered from the ravages of Mongol-Tatars. The raids began to gradually cease after the Grand Duchy of Lithuania presented its rights to these lands. The Lithuanians managed to seize control over the entire Black Sea coast and the Dnieper, including Zaporozhye.
    In the 15th century Lithuanians leave the southern lands, yielding to their Ottoman Turks. On the Zaporozhye lands, the Ukrainian Cossacks base the prototype of the independent Ukrainian state Zaporizhzhya Sich. There was an event in 1552 year. By that time, most of the Right-Bank Ukraine was occupied by the Poles.
    In 1557, five years after the founding of the Zaporozhye Sich, the Ottoman Turks and Tatars attacked the island of Khortitsa. Zaporizhzhya Sich was destroyed, but revived.
    It was with Zaporizhzhya Sich the liberation campaign of the Ukrainian hetman Bogdan Khmelnitsky against the Polish nobility began. The liberation war against the Commonwealth continued with 1648 in 1654 years, during this time the Zaporozhye Cossacks advanced west more than 1000 kilometers, freeing Ukrainian towns and villages from the Polish invaders. In the end, the war was completed by the voluntary entry of the Zaporozhye Sich into the Russian state.

    In 1770, on the site of modern Zaporozhye, the construction of the Alexander fortress was started by one of a series of fortresses built on the Dnieper to oppose the raids of Ottoman Turks and Crimean Tatars.
    In 1775, the Zaporizhzhya Sich was finally dispersed and destroyed by Russian troops on the orders of Empress Catherine II. In the same year, the construction of the Alexander fortress was completed.
    In 1781 around the fortress a new city began to be built gradually.
    Finally, the status of the city of Zaporozhye was received in 1785 year. The city began to be called in another way Aleksandrovsk.
    In 1790, the Russian Empire finally joins the Crimea. The role of the Alexander fortress has significantly decreased, but the new city began to grow faster.

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