What is insulin?
Insulin is a hormone that forms duringwork of the pancreas. Thanks to insulin, the level of glucose in the blood is monitored and maintained at a constant daily rate. As you know, with food in the body gets a different amount of sugar, and this can lead to constant jumps in glucose levels. If we draw analogies about what insulin is, then we can say that it is something like an uninterrupted in the human body and does not allow glucose to gallop.
Types of insulin
Selecting insulin for the patient, you need to pay attention to the following points:
- How does the body react to injected insulin?
- How long does the body need to process it?
- What way of life does the patient lead, including whether he has bad habits;
- How the patient eats and how often;
- Age of the patient;
- The content of glucose in the blood in the patient;
- Can a patient take several insulin injections throughout the day?
- How often does a person check glucose levels throughout the day.
Insulin is of the following types:
- Rapid response;
- Intermediate action;
- Short-term action;
- Insulin of mixed type;
- Long-term type, still it is called prolonged.
The work of insulin
For diabetics, you need to know how toinsulin works. It is produced with the help of beta cells of the pancreas. The higher the glucose level, the more beta cells work. Briefly, the action of insulin on the body can be represented in the form of such a scheme. When insulin enters the liver, excitation of its cells takes place, which begin to process the hormone. At the same time, they interact at the chemical level, which leads to the processing of glucose with the formation of glycogen and fats. Insulin lowers the formation of glucose in the liver. If the body is reducing the formation of glucose, then lowering and the production of insulin.
How does insulin enter the body?
Patients who need insulin, are offered several ways of getting the hormone into the body. To do this, use:
- Syringe handles. This device can be reused. With the help of the regulator, the patient independently sets the dose of the necessary insulin, and then injects it into the body with a needle.
- Insulin syringes. It reminds a normal syringe, only a smaller one, where the marking is done. Depending on the required level of insulin, one or another syringe is used. The patient makes an injection himself.
- Pumps. A catheter is placed in the vein of the patient, and the pump is attached to the waist. The patient programs the pump for that dosage and for the number of times that it needs.