Weather for 2018 in Russia
The hydrometeorological center in the person of its director R. Wilfand gave a report on preliminary weather forecasts for the entire 2018 in all regions of Russia. The general trend that is planned across all the territories is the continuation of warming, which began in 2015, which will continue throughout the current period.
Traditionally, a preliminary forecast is reduced from these hydromet stations, but weather forecasters do not deny that popular signs developed by long-term observations can be no less accurate. Experts remind that the accuracy of long-term forecasts does not exceed 68%, so they should be considered only as indicative data.
General warming does not affect the temperature regime of the two winter months. Over the course of them, a norm or a slight excess of temperature minima will be observed. This picture will not touch only the regions of the Far North (Chukotka, Magadan and Yakutia). Abnormal frosts will occur here.
A strong cooling will occur in Novosibirsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tomsk, Udmurtia, Barnaul and in the Kemerovo region.Nature will become kinder to the residents of the Khabarovsk Territory, the Amur Region and Yakutia, where the weather will not be so hard.
February will be marked by unstable weather events, heavy snowfalls will be replaced by severe frosts, and then by periodic thaws. Only on Taimyr January and February will bring less frost than usual.
The snow cover that fell in the first half of February can significantly exceed the level of the two previous years. In the European part of the country, all these phenomena will not be expressed so sharply, but they will also be felt.
Residents of the southern regions are promised that the last winter month will more resemble the beginning of spring: strong winds will be noted in the central territory of Russia, which will bring warming. The last two weeks of February with significant thaws in large cities will be especially warm. But a couple of days before the end of winter, farewell frosts with temperatures down to -10 ° C are possible.
In the western part of the European territory heavy rainfall will fall not only in the form of snow, but also in the form of rain. This will cause the so-called "ice rain" and extreme ice on the roads of the country. The number of fogs will remain average.In St. Petersburg, February will be very harsh and capricious, which will result in strong hurricane winds, cold and blizzards.
In the eastern regions of the cold, they will be below the standard values for this time of year, but the weather will change dramatically and often, changing from a temperature of + 8 ° C to + 13 ° C to -11 ° C. Most clearly this picture will manifest itself in the Sakhalin region and Primorsky Krai.
Meteorologists warn that in early 2018 high geomagnetic activity is expected, so many flights at airports may be delayed or canceled, which must be taken into account during the purchase of tickets.
According to the forecasts of the Hydrometeorological Center, the spring of 2018 will come much earlier than usual, and in most of Russia, the weather will be warm during this period. In March there will be a sharp melting of the snow, which will cause a rapid convergence of melt water. Especially dangerous floods are predicted in the Kuban.
In the Urals, at the same time, the winter will remain the full mistress, who will not rush to leave until mid-April. Here, snowfalls will be repeated periodically, and melting of snows until the middle of spring will never happen.Significant difficulties in the movement of vehicles are predicted at the end of March in Vladivostok, this will be caused by strong fogs that impair visibility. In Siberia, the arrival of spring will be delayed until the end of May, and only after this will the positive temperature begin.
In the north-west of Russia, it will become warmer after Easter, which will be held in early April. During this period, the thermometer will reach + 11 ° С - + 14 ° С, after which the heat will gradually increase. In the east, in April, slight frosts are possible, the level of which will correspond to the values typical for this time of the year. Spring weather conditions will not have a strong negative impact on agriculture.
In Moscow, the arrival of spring will be noticeable only from mid-April, before this the weather will surprise almost daily. Often the rain will be replaced by sleet, and sometimes in the middle of the day the sun will appear. Spring will come to the residents of St. Petersburg for a couple of weeks later.
From the beginning of May, widespread warming is expected. In the south of Russia, during this period, the air warms up so much that in the early days it will be possible to swim in the sea.Further warm weather will proceed to the central regions. Severe frosts at this moment risk to appear in the Sakhalin region, which is due to increased seismic activity in the Sea of Japan, which affects the climate of this area for the second year in a row.
The general spring forecast for Russia promises that the winter will not recede for a long time, and the spring will become protracted. Anomalies and excessive precipitation are not foreseen, but northern cyclones, eastern and southern anticyclones will change the weather several times for 2 - 3 days.
According to weather forecasts, the weather during the first decade of June will not be at all like summer: it will be cool, especially before sunset and in the morning. Only in the south of Russia at this time will people be able to enjoy this summer with a thirty-degree heat. In the central zone, these figures will be much more modest: during the day the thermometer will rarely reach + 20 ° C, and at night it can go down to + 9 ° C. So, as in this period will become light wind, lowering the temperature will be quite comfortable.
From the second half of April the weather will be very rainy. Residents of the center and east of Russia will especially feel this, with which cyclones will bring heavy incessant showers.
In the northern regions at this time a smooth transition to summer with periodic heat will begin.Heat and heat in the last days of the month will be observed in Krasnodar, Rostov-on-Don and Volgograd. Sea coast in the southern resorts warmed enough to take a rest. In other areas, prolonged rains will last until July.
July is considered to be the hottest summer period, but in 2018 most of it will not be hot. In zones with a continental climate, the average daily temperature will not rise above 23 ° С, and in the northern regions it will be + 12 ° С - + 14 ° С. The weather will change at the end of July: the real summer heat will come, the thermometer will reach + 38 ° С, and in the southern parts of the country - and + 40 ° С. On some days, it is possible that the heat is so strong that exposure to the sun may be unsafe for people.
In the same period, the first flight drought will come. It is predicted that the lack of rain will be significant, at least a month. This will have a bad effect on crops grown in arid regions. Such weather will create a high risk of fires both in the fields and in the forests.
Cold weather in July can only be observed in St. Petersburg, since a sharp cyclone is possible here, which will bring with it wind, rain and cool weather.
In the middle of August, a second peak of heat will occur, which will no longer be so extensive: it will affect only the southern regions. Most of all, residents of the Black Sea coast will experience this.
The end of summer will pass without anomalous phenomena, only in the Kuban region very strong thunderstorms with squall winds are possible. In general, the end of August will be marked by mild warm weather.
September will be the last month of the abnormal natural cycle, which lasted the last 10 years. This will make the beginning of autumn very warm and hot in summer. In 2018, this month is ideal for relaxing on the sea for those who did not have time to go there in the summer. In the south, at this time, the heat will continue to reach + 30 °, but in the middle lane will begin to gradually decline. The first frosts will come to the north of Russia at this time, which may become more pronounced than in the previous year.
In October, a steady decrease in temperature will continue, in many regions, closer to the end of the month, Russians will be able to observe prolonged periods of heavy rains, and in the north and northeast by this time a stable snow cover will appear, which will last until next spring.Frosts at the end of October in these regions will reach -13 ° C - 16 ° C.
The first serious frosts will come to central Russia in the second half of November, but they will not bring snow with them. The first snowfall is possible only by the middle of December.
Summing up, the Hydrometeorological Center predicts that the year 2018 for Russia will become quite warm, the annual figures will not deviate significantly from the average, but the general trend towards climate mitigation will remain.