Vitruvian Man Leonardo Da Vinci
"Vitruvian Man" is one of the mostthe famous drawings of Leonardo da Vinci, which in about 1490 was placed in one of his magazines. This figure depicts a nude figure of a man in two positions superimposed on each other. The figure of a man with arms and legs, divorced in the sides, is introduced into the circle, and with his arms spread and his legs joined together - into a square. The Vitruvian man of Leonardo symbolizes the canonical proportions.
The picture in the journal is accompanied by explanatorythe inscriptions. If you examine it, you can actually see that the position of the hands and feet is not two poses, as it seems at first glance, but four.
Vitruvian man as a work of art and as a scientific work
When changing the poses, it seems that the figure inthe center is moving. But in reality the navel of the figure remains motionless, and the sex organs are the center of the square. In the future exactly this technique Corbusier used to create a scale of proportions, which influenced the architectural aesthetics of the XX century. In accordance with the accompanying text, the figure was created in order to determine the proportions of the male body. The basis for the drawing of Da Vinci "The Man of Vitruvian" was the treatise "The Man of Equilibrium" by the architect of Ancient Rome Vitruvius, whose name is the image of the figure. This ancient Roman used the proportions of the human body for his studies in architecture.
Symbol of symmetry of the human body
The Vitruvian man of Leonardo da Vinci isthe image of the coordinated state of life, in the center of which the person is. The figure shows an ideal male figure from the point of view of proportions. Two positions - in the circle and the square in the figure - reflect the dynamics and peace. The center of the body fixed by a square is the phallus, the center of the moving figure is the solar plexus. Thus, the great artist conveys the contradictoriness of the spirit (circle) and matter (square).
If you supplement the figure with the sides of QuaternaryHeidegger, you will get a symbolic image of the true state of man, the Divine by half, the Mortal half, which is supported by feet on the Earth and head is in Heaven.
Vitruvian man is not only a hidden symbol of the internal symmetry of the human body, but also a symbol of the symmetry of the universe as a whole.
In today's world, Da Vinci's drawing is no longeris perceived by mankind as a symbol of the ideal proportions of the human, in particular, the male body. This image rather symbolizes the finding of man in the universe.
There is one interesting theory, according to whichDa Vinci's Vitruvian man is an image of Christ. The artist was engaged in the restoration of the Shroud at the request of its custodians. Allegedly inspired by the image of Christ at the shrine, he transfers the impeccable proportions of his body to his drawing. So, he depicts the divine proportions of the human body. Da Vinci, placing the male figure in the center of the universe, portrayed a man in the image of God.