Victor Gusev (poet): biography
Gusev Viktor Mikhailovich is a Soviet poet born in 1909 in Moscow.
In modern youth this name is associated withsports commentator. The fact is that Gusev, whom we know as a sports commentator, and Victor Gusev (a poet) are relatives. The poet is a grandfather sports journalist and speaker.
Poetry was not the only activity of Viktor Gusev. Along the way, he was also engaged in dramaturgy and translating other people's texts.
In 1925, Viktor Mikhailovich Gusev entered thedrama studio, which was organized under the Moscow Theater of the Revolution. In the drama studio Victor studied for 1 year and in 1926 went to the higher literary courses of V.Ya. Bryusov. Already a year after his studies, he begins to publish his poems and becomes a member of the Society of Dramatic Writers of Moscow.
After another 2 years he releases the first poetic book.
At the courses Gusev planned to study for 5 years, but in connection with their reorganization studied only 3. The last 2 years he had already studied at the Moscow State University at the Faculty of Literature and Art.
Gusev's activity during his studies helps himTo get acquainted with the right people and develop, to advance their writing abilities further. He begins to write scripts for films and live pictures, ditties, lyrics to Soviet movies, reprises and articles. In the late 1920s he wrote comedies himself.
Gusev Viktor Mikhailovich is a poet, he is alwaysI felt the time and need of people, so I tried not to stamp in yesterday, issuing only fresh and in demand product. That is why at one time he was one of the most famous and commercially popular songwriters, playwrights and screenwriters. Although the beginning of his career, when he published his first poems, was not so rosy. His work was seriously criticized by Mayakovsky, who saw in Gusev's work cheap revolutionary romanticism.
He became widely known in 1934, when he wrote the song "Polushko-pole". After that, almost all of his work was successful.
For example, in 1935 he wrote a play called "Glory." It was put in all theaters of the country.
After the play, there were a lot of decent works mainly as a director and scriptwriter.
In 1941, Gusev was the head of the literary department in the radio committee and began to write reports and scripts for radio air.
During his creative career Gusev was awarded 2 prizes and 1 award:
1) In 1939 he was awarded the Order of the Badge of Honor.
2) In 1942 he received the Stalin Prize of the second degree. The award brought a script, which he wrote for the film "Pig and Shepherd".
3) Gusev received the exact same award in 1946, which he was already awarded posthumously. He was awarded the prize for the script for the film "At 6 pm after the war".
The Gusev Family
Victor Gusev had a wife - Stepanova Nina Petrovna, who worked as a regular teacher in Moscow. May 29, 1934 they had a son. They named him in honor of Victor's father - Mikhail.
Victor Gusev was separated from his wife and children. Nina Petrovna with the children was forced to leave for evacuation, to Tashkent, and the poet stayed in Moscow. After the return of his wife and children from the evacuation, Victor Gusev has already died.
Michael and his sister Lena were orphans. At the time, the boy was 10 years old. The wife of Viktor Gusev subsequently married for the second time for the famous writer Konstantin Yakovlevich Finn.
The son of the poet entered the Moscow State University for Biology and Soil Faculty and after a few years became a world famous biologist.
The grandson of the poet VM Gusev was named in honor of his grandfather, therefore he received a similar name, surname and patronymic, as his well-known ancestor.
In the family Gusev long established traditions - alternate the names of Michael and Victor. His son was called a sports commentator by Mikhail.
The grandson of the poet V.M. Gusev also achieved wide popularity due to his work on the First Channel.
Little-known facts about the poet Gusev
Gusev was a patriot. In his poems he praised the country, its ideas and Stalin.
Gusev admired the technical progress thathe sometimes observed polar explorers and pilots. Once he was told the story of how the helicopter climbed to a record height in order to save a sick girl in a mountain village. The poet was so inspired by this story that the very next day he wrote it in poetic form. The story was published in the newspaper.
Viktor Mikhailovich Gusev did not serve in the army and did notfought in the war. He had health problems since childhood, so he was not even taken into the army. But in his poems he wrote as if he had personally fought. So vividly he passed on his personal experiences.
It was for this that he criticized Mayakovsky, who openly said that Gusev's poems were written under the impressions of books about the war of foreign authors. Mayakovsky hinted that VM Gusev was writing like a crocheted warrior.
Viktor Gusev did not take offense at Mayakovsky, but, on the contrary, listened to his criticism and began to travel more by military units.
The poet, playwright, director VM Gusev died of hypertension on January 21, 1944. He was buried at the Novodevichy Cemetery.