The Unified State Exam in 2018 in Russian: oral and written parts

Not for the first year, the prospect of the division of the Unified State Examination in the Russian language into two parts has been quite actively discussed: written and oral. In recent years, the test format of the unified state exam has been changed more than once, seeking to optimize the CIMs and make the test of knowledge as objective as possible.

What expects 11-year students of the 2017-2018 school year and what is it necessary to prepare for anyone who plans to enroll in universities?

Changes in the written part

In 2017-2018, no special changes in the CIMs of the written part of the USE are expected. All innovations made to the ticket structure in 2017 will remain relevant, namely:

  • lack of test items with one answer;
  • division of work into two blocks: tasks with a brief answer and an essay on a given topic;
  • minimum passing score - 36.

In connection with the introduction of speaking, the number of tasks in the written part and the structure of the accrual of primary points can change.

EGE in Russian in 2018 written part

Why do we need an oral part?

This question is asked not only by future graduates. Any changes in the structure of the USE have a serious justification. For example, studies have shown that a large percentage of graduates from the regions do not know their native language well enough. The reasons for this decline are:

  1. an insufficient level of teaching (not all subject teachers require children to give a detailed answer to the questions raised, to analyze information and give their own assessments of certain events);
  2. transition to written forms of knowledge control (many lyceums and colleges minimize oral interviews);
  3. decrease in the number of reading children (respectively, the graduates lack a certain literary base of speech).

At the same time, the ability to competently express their thoughts and skills in oratory today is mandatory in many professional fields, and a person who plans to get a higher education is simply obliged to know his language at a high level.

Speaking in the exam in Russian

Oral part on the exam in Russian in 2018

Despite a lot of talk about the introduction of the oral part, in 2017, the Unified State Exam in Russian passed in the format of a written exam.The Minister of Education and Science is not a supporter of spontaneous reforms, and therefore the introduction of innovations designed to improve the level of proficiency in the native language will be phased.

  1. Introduction of the December summary.
  2. Changes in the structure of tasks and the complete rejection of tests with a choice of one answer.
  3. Separation of the oral and written exam.

The first two stages have already been completed, and the third has been successfully tested in the Moscow region, Tatarstan and the Chechen Republic.

Whether the 2017-2018 year will be significant and whether the mandatory oral part will be introduced in the structure of the Unified State Exam in the Russian language will be officially announced by the Federal Institute for Educational Measurements. Information should appear in the second half of August or early September on the official website of the FIPI.

Schedule Examination 2018 in Russian

Early period

Main exam

April 25, 2018

Reserve day

May 7, 2018

Main period

Main exam

May 29, 2018

Reserve day (Russian)

June 20, 2018

Reserve day (all items)

June 28, 2018

Reserve day (all items)

June 29, 2018

Retake

1st retake (Russian)

September 4, 2018

2nd retake (Russian)

September 17, 2018

Reserve day (all items)

September 22, 2018

Format of the oral exam

After approval of the planned changes, the exam in Russian will be divided into two days:

  1. The written part, which will include a block of tasks with short and detailed answers, as well as an essay.
  2. The oral part, the format of which will be in many ways similar to the tests in foreign languages.

Many graduates are concerned not so much with the need to donate an oral unit, as the technical side of the issue. The students who took part in the test EGE, conducted as part of the testing program, noted that the most inconvenient is the format of communication with the computer, since several people at the same time talk in the office, which makes people think and does not concentrate much. Having taken the opinion of the examinees, the organizers promise that they will take the oral exam in separate cabins. Will the promise be fulfilled, time will tell.

Oral Russian on the exam 2018

To successfully pass the exam in spoken Russian you will need:

  • the ability to expressively read texts of various styles;
  • good proficiency in literary speech;
  • the use of basic concepts of oratory;
  • the ability to do without words-parasites;
  • the ability to quickly and clearly articulate their thoughts;
  • arguing your opinion, operate with facts from different subject areas.

Were discussed such options KIMov

Option number 1 of the oral part of the exam in the Russian language

For 15 minutes the student will be asked:

The task

Time (min)

Points

1

Expressively read an excerpt of the text of the scientific and journalistic style.

5

3

2

Take part in conditional dialogue

6

8

3

Demonstrate monologue speech (statement on a given topic).

4

5

Total

15

16

The oral part provides a detailed response to all assigned tasks.

Option number 2 of the oral part of the exam in Russian

Each participant is also given 15 minutes, during which the examinee will have to:

The task

Time (min)

Points

1

Expressly read the proposed text of the scientific and journalistic style.

4,5

2

2

Retell the text using additional information.

4

2

3

Make and voice a monologic statement (on a given topic).

4

2

4

Take part in the dialogue (conditionally)

2,5

3

Points for observance of standards of a literary language

5

Total

15

16

All answers must also be expanded.

Oral part of the EGE Russian language 2018

Preparation for the oral part of the exam

Any teacher will say that the best preparation for the EGE is to study the Russian language well, but since 2018 is already very close, we’ll try to figure out how to catch up quickly.

Experienced teachers advise:

  1. Recall the theory. To do this, you can use any textbooks recommended for schools, or special publications to prepare for the exam.
  2. Reinforce each unit practice. The tasks from the textbooks are excellent, it’s not bad to also find websites with practice on the Internet and, of course, to process all the available 2017 tickets, as well as the trial versions of 2018.
  3. This year it is not enough just to know the rule; you must be able to explain and argue the choice.
  4. Read aloud texts of different styles and train not only the speed of reading, but also expressiveness.
  5. Practice text retelling.

Of course. It is quite difficult to prepare without assistance from the oral part, because without a certain level of knowledge in public speaking, many simply do not notice their mistakes. If the option with a tutor is not possible at all - get ready for a couple. So you can practice the dialogue and point out to each other errors that are obvious only from the outside.

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