The beginning of the school year 2017-2018
So, September 1! At schools, gymnasiums and lyceums for the desks at the beginning of the school year 2017-2018 about 15 million schoolchildren will sit down.
From the history of the holiday
Knowledge Day is a pretty young holiday. This year it will be celebrated for the 37th time. In the pre-Petrine era, September 1 was the beginning of the new year. A single start date of classes then did not exist. Under Peter I, urban high school students sat at their desks in August. In the villages, however, classes could not begin earlier than late autumn, after the harvest and the completion of all agricultural work. This went on for centuries. Even in the Resolution of the people's commissars of 1930, it is only stated that all children of 8–10 years old must necessarily be admitted to school in the fall. But in 1935, everything changed. A single time of the beginning of the school year was appointed - September 1. Nevertheless, this day was not officially a holiday until 1980. And four years later, the Day of Knowledge is officially recognized as a holiday non-working day.
The first lesson in the Soviet Union was a peace lesson. On it, schoolchildren were told about imperialist aggressors and world peace.But there was another reason - the beginning of not only the school year, but also the Second World War.
The traditions of this day were gradually formed: flowers, full uniforms and a ruler, during which a first grader, sitting on the shoulder of a graduate, gives the first bell. So begins the new school year.
From holiday to school weekdays
Colorful bouquets, white bows, excitement on the faces of novice students. And bright backpacks - the headache of many mothers and grandmothers of young students.
Now there is a norm on the weight of the portfolio. At the first grader the backpack should weigh no more than one and a half kilograms. But often this rate is exceeded! Soon, children's knapsacks can get easier. In Moscow, in many schools instead of heavy books they give out electronic textbooks. While in the framework of the experiment.
Important at the beginning of the school year is a comfortable adaptation of children to new school loads. To help children and their parents can come professional psychologists who are in any school.
A lecture on this difficult period of school life and the advice of a psychologist can be heard in this video:
New life will begin and the guys going to the fifth grade. They will study the second foreign language (German, Spanish, French, etc.), as it was in the previous academic year.
- Financial literacy and robotics classes will appear.
- He will return to astronomy schools that high school students will study.
- Ninth-graders are waiting for the introduction of the oral part of the OGE in the Russian language.
The oral part of the exam in Russian and the exam is tested in several regions. The new format of the exam can wait for graduates already in 2018. In tests in physics, biology and chemistry, the test part disappeared already in 2017, but the literature is still awaiting conversion. In the exam on this subject will not be assignments with a brief answer, but the creative part will increase.
Schools are preparing
The organization of the beginning of the school year begins after the end of the previous school year and ends at the end of August of the current year.
Preparation for the beginning of the school year includes a number of necessary measures, taking into account certain requirements:
- Fire safety;
- compliance with sanitary standards;
- anti-terrorism security;
- the end of the repair cycle;
- providing an accessible environment for students with disabilities.
Vacation is over. Hello, pedsovet!
In educational institutions, the main instrument for planning and managing the work of the teaching staff is the pedsovet, the subject of which must meet federal standards.At the end of the summer, in August, the first pedagogical meetings are held in general education institutions, where the following issues are addressed:
- analyzes the work of the school last year;
- activities are planned for the next academic year;
- questions about the preload of teachers;
- set dates of holidays.
Approximate dates of school holidays for the 2017-2018 school year
|Autumn vacation||The winter vacation||spring Break|
|from 30.10.2017 to 07.11.2017||from 12/28/2017 to 01/10/2018||from 03/24/2018 to 04/01/2018|
Additional holidays are provided for first-graders - a week in February (from 05.02.2018 g to 11.02.2018).
In addition, in the subject of pedsovets at the beginning of the school year, in September, additional tasks for the staff are presented for consideration by teachers:
- Organization of work on the preparation and verification of work programs.
- Optimization of the educational process in the institution.
- Work with parents.
- Strengthening the material and technical part of school classrooms.
To the heights of Olympus
The beginning of the new school year 2017-2018 immediately immerses both schoolchildren and their mentors in an atmosphere of creativity. Literally at the very beginning of September, children with literary abilities are invited to participate in the All-Russian Essay Competition.
The participation of the best students who are deeply interested in this or that subject in the All-Russian School Olympiad, which should be prepared from the summer and the beginning of the first academic quarter, is not far off.
Every year educational institutions open their doors for all children of our motherland in a maternal way. Ahead of the new school year, full of new acquaintances, new victories and discoveries!