Salvation Union - the preconditions of education and the history of development
The first secret of the organizations of the future Decembrists was the Salvation Union, organized in early December 1816. The community was originally called "The Society of True and True Sons of the Fatherland".
What contributed to the creation of this secretorganization? After the return of the Russian army from foreign campaigns, many guards officers realized that one could live better, as they became acquainted with the European political system, with the way and level of their life. This was the impetus for the creation of the Union of Salvation. Who became the founders? As mentioned above, Guards officers, including AN Muravyov, Prince S. Trubetskoi, and the Muravyovs took the initiative. They were members of the Sacred and Semenovskaya artel. In addition to the aforementioned persons, Pavel Pestel, Nikita Muraviev, Major Lunin and Colonel F. Glinka participated in the secret organization of the Salvation Union. The initial society numbered about 30 people. The people of the organization set themselves the following tasks:
- establishment of the constitutional order;
- the abolition of the autocracy;
- the abolition of serfdom.
However, their intentions were not feasible, sincethe actions and their character were clearly defined: some suggested regicide, others - during the coronation to present the new king their conditions. Thus, a secret organization called the Salvation Union was not yet ready for active action.
Based on the first society of the Decembrists in twoyear, in 1818, a new secret organization of the Union of Prosperity. This society was at times more than the first and numbered about 200 people. The Union of Salvation and the Union of Prosperity played a big role in Russian revolutionary history. The second secret organization of the Decembrists already had its own charter and program. What was criticized by its members? First, the autocratic system of Russia; secondly, the arbitrary rule of the landlords, serfdom and bribery; thirdly, they reproached the authorities for the difficult life of the people. It is not surprising that in order to express their thoughts of advocating views, they used the poetry of the young Pushkin.
The Welfare Alliance did a great job. In 1820, there were several unrest among the soldiers, subordinate to the tsarist authorities. Members of the Guards regiments, namely Semenovsky, refused to obey, and without any permission went to the pre-nursery square. Such excitement broke out in the tsarist army for the first time, so the participants of this kind of uprising were punished as rebels cruelly.
However, the soldiers' performance made it clearthe emperor, that discontent in the army is growing, which means that changes are needed. In the same year, the organization decides to fight for republican rule in Russia. They have changed the program and tactics. These changes led to the creation of the Northern and Southern societies.
The Union of Salvation was the very first secretorganization of the Decembrists. This society marked the beginning of a period of noble revolution. It was the members of the Union of Salvation who later became participants in the uprising on the Senate Square in St. Petersburg.