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REFLECTIONS OF THE SOUPS: ABOUT THE FALL OF THE READING INTEREST
INSTEAD OF PREFACE
How jokingly and fairly they point out:
Another monkey was discovered, which unites all the previous ones: it sees nothing, does not hear, does not speak. She just completely immersed in a smartphone (tablet, computer)
There is a lot of talk about the decline of reader interest (demand), especially in the field of spiritual literature. This problem exists in its causes and, at the same time, in its consequences, in my opinion, two aspects can be distinguished: a) spiritual and moral and b) scientific and technical.
IG Ehrenburg, in his time, wrote that: “In all countries,“ the best, most active, most thinking part of young people is committed to the study of the natural sciences ”. However, “among this best part of the young part of the intelligentsia, one can notice a great spiritual confusion” (quoted on 1: 9).
To quote: “If in the era of Dante, consciousness surpassed knowledge and the“ Divine Comedy ”, replete with scholastic judgments about the universe,amazes us with the depth of consciousness, I have met in all countries where I have been in the past ten years, quite a few young people with great knowledge in the chosen field, but helpless in questions of consciousness or, more precisely, conscience ”(2: 243, 244).
Indeed, today the work and the desire to advance takes almost all the time, not leaving him to spiritual reflection.
But the king and prophet Solomon prayed: “remove vanity and lies from me, do not give me poverty and riches” (Prov. 30: 8).
Archim. Rafail (Karelin) says: “Most of our contemporaries see happiness in material wealth; for them, money is the equivalent of well-being. But can money bring real joy to a person? Can he buy money for friendship, loyalty, the ability to be loved and to love himself? Most often, material well-being extinguishes the inner life, translates a person into an outer ... Wealth, like poverty, becomes a press that puts pressure on the human soul, it fills it with constant anxiety. Still, wealth did not do any better ... "(3: 113).
According to the doctor of medical sciences, prof.Hieromonk Anatoly (Berestova): “The real humanity has gone so far from its original source - God and has gone into such a moral dead end, that if it does not turn to its First Generation, it will face physical and moral self-destruction. Humanity in our time is facing a much more serious danger than a nuclear one, this danger is the disintegration of the spirit, the fall into the abyss of sin ”(4: 44, 45).
Note that neither in the Bible, nor in the patristic doctrine, is there a ban on the use of earthly goods in general. It is only necessary to observe a certain measure so that these benefits will not become the main goal of life. And what would be the dominant principle in the life of man was the pursuit of God. After all, Jesus Christ says: “But seek first the kingdom of God and His righteousness” (Matthew 6: 33).
Prof. NN Fioletov on this issue writes: “From the fundamentals of the Christian doctrine on the meaning of the path of life, there is also an attitude to various forms and external conditions of life, among which a Christian has to live and act ... put in connection with the highest goal, with the highest meaning of life ... the blessing is all that is used in accordance with its purpose, in accordance with the highest goal of life itself and the vocation of man.But these benefits cease to be benefits if they become the object of the quest themselves and for themselves, if they take the place of the highest goal, otherwise, if instead of relative and conditional value (which they have) absolute and unconditional value is attributed to them.
Instead of earthly blessings, they turn into idols and idols that enslave a person, and close the meaning of his life from him. “But now, having known God, or, better, having received knowledge from God, why do you come back again to the weak and poor material principles, and you want to enslave yourself again to them?” (Gal. 4: 9). Proper use of the highest goods, external conditions and circumstances of life can be only if a person maintains internal freedom from enslaving attachment to them. From the point of view of the Christian consciousness, no things and no benefits can be possessed by man and distract him from the path to which he is called ”(5: 262, 263).
Another aspect of this topic is associated with the rapid development of smartphones, computers and other similar equipment. Despite the wide spreading of these benefits of civilization, they can be a dangerous tool, especially in the hands of children and adolescents - carriers of the still weak psyche. We are talking about excessive passion for these benefits.Psychologists say that computer addiction in adolescents is a dangerous business that can lead to serious consequences.
I had to repeatedly observe such a sad picture: 10-15 people (boys and girls), aged 10 to 15 years, sit next to each other. Moreover, each of them is immersed in their smartphone (tablet, computer) and they practically do not talk to each other.Such “communication” is certainly not conducive to spiritual reflection and reading books. After all, it is much easier and easier to communicate with a tablet and a smartphone than to read, play and communicate with each other.
But in adolescence, an understanding of moral aspects is laid, which can be distorted due to overuse of computer games. There are still debates in the scientific community: whether to rank games as addicts online or not.
In this way,reasonsThe decline in reader interest in spiritual literature in the modern world can include both a decline in interest in spiritual development and the replacement of this interest with its surrogate - an interest in computer games leading to computer dependence and separating a person from reflections on moral and spiritual issues.Consequencebut a decrease in reader interest will be a further decline in interest in spiritual development and a further increase in interest in computer games.
Such a positive, and very alarming, feedback between the causes and consequences of the decrease in reader demand for spiritual literature!
1. Science today, 1969.
2. Foreign literature, 1965, №12.
3. Rafail (Karelin), Archim. The mystery of salvation. Conversations about the spiritual life. From the memories. - M .: Moscow Compound of the Holy Trinity St. Sergius Lavra, 2002.
4. Anatoly (Berestov). Sin, disease, healing. M .: Publishing house "Path" NP "Center of spiritual and social programs of sv. right Philaret the Merciful, 2005.
5. Fiolet N. N. Essays on Christian apologetics. Prev Prof., Ph.D. Gleb Kaleda. Ed. the third. - Wedge: Christian Life, 2007.