Pheasant breeding and maintenance at home
Recently, more and more farmers are starting toto cultivate pheasants. And this is not surprising, because this bird is not only an excellent decoration of the yard, but it can also become a good source of income. But here it is important to understand that pheasants, whose breeding and content has many nuances, are quite specific birds, so it is necessary to create suitable conditions for them. First and foremost, they need to build their homes and make a proper diet.
A distinctive feature of pheasants is theirattractive appearance. Males have a bright color, as well as a large and long tail. Female usually with gray plumage with small speckles throughout the body, which can be brown or black. But here it is important to understand that the color of pheasants can depend on the environmental conditions in which they are grown, so do not be surprised if you see a bird that does not fall under this description.
Conditions of detention
Pheasants, the conditions of their maintenance are veryimportant role, can be bred at home and industrial scale. In the latter case, the main efforts are aimed at speeding up the growth and increasing the number of birds. Breeding of this bird can be carried out for commercial purposes and bring a good income to the farmer.
If you are planning industrial cultivation andbreeding pheasants, then at your disposal there should be a large area, because, as statistics show, a herd can reach 10,000 individuals. On small farms, a bird can be grown to meet its own needs.
Pheasants, breeding and maintenance in domesticthe conditions of which we shall consider below, are often found on small farms. Beginning poultry producers first start several males and females, gradually increasing the number of birds. Eggs can be hatch by both female pheasants and ordinary hens. In addition, you can build an incubator for this.
Where to begin?
If you have never been breeding beforepheasants, it's better to start with silver rock, as it perfectly adapts in any climatic conditions and is less demanding in care. In addition, the bird quickly gaining weight, so it's faster to pay back the costs of fattening and maintenance.
Pheasant content can be carried out both incells, and on a free-range. The first method is used when the main task of the farmer is to feed the bird as soon as possible and put it into the meat. During the breeding season, much attention should be paid to their diet, which must be rich in protein. Small pheasants, up to two months old, are usually fed with combined feeds, in which the protein content reaches 26 percent.
If you want to increase the number of birds, then the birdput on a free-range. This requires a free enclosure, in which one square meter should account for 2-3 pheasants. As for the soil, the best option is sand. The enclosure is fenced with a metal net and covered with a canopy that will protect the birds from the weather and sunlight on hot days.
Inside the enclosure it is recommended to place the oldtrees and shrubs to maximize the conditions of detention to the natural. Also, it should have spacious bathing facilities, which are filled with a mixture of wood ash and sand.
Pheasant content for the purpose of increasing the number of livestockmust be carried out with the observation of one rule: for one male there must be no more than three females. Otherwise, the egg-laying of the bird falls strongly.
From late winter to late summer, the chicks are kept inindividual cages, after which they can be placed in the general. It is important to provide the bird with peace, as it does not tolerate stressful situations. For example, pheasants may be afraid of loud sounds or sudden movements, which, in turn, reduces their egg production.
One of the advantages of this bird is that they tolerate frosts well, therefore, during the winter, there is no need to insulate the premises of their maintenance or equip the heating system.
Characteristics of pheasants
The weight of an adult can reach two kilograms. In this case, males are larger in size than females. The optimal time for fertilization occurs at the end of winter or early spring, when the male is attached to the female. One female per season can delay up to 50 eggs. Maintenance, maintenance and breeding of pheasants do not require special efforts. They lay their eggs for about three months. One egg weighs an average of 30 grams. The bird can build nests around the enclosure, forgetting the location of all of them. Therefore, it is important to periodically pick up eggs and put them to the hens or put them in the incubator.
Here it is important to take into account the fact that each rockPheasant prefers to lay eggs in completely different places - grass, shrubs and near trees. Therefore, if necessary, the farmer will have to build birds appropriate nests.
For the period of fertilization it is forbidden to run several males to one female, as they can fight among themselves for the female, while only one of them remains alive.
As for eating habits, the dietpheasants have much in common with chicken. The optimal option will be the use of green forages and wet sticks. The daily norm of the feed for one individual is 100 grams.
Varieties of pheasants
If you plan to keep pheasants in your homeconditions, it is necessary to have an idea of what breeds of a given bird exist. This is important, because each breed has certain preferences, which should be taken into account for obtaining maximum egg production and fast fattening of the bird.
Today, among the majority of farmers engaged in breeding pheasants, the most popular are three breeds:
Let's take a closer look at each of them and try to figure out what is best to choose for breeding at home.
This breed was bred by Chinesebreeders. Diamond pheasants have many flaws, but it is bred because of its large size. The main difficulties of content and breeding are to create and maintain a certain microclimate. The thing is that this breed is thermophilic and in case of frost over 25 degrees the livestock may die. Therefore, for the winter period, in a room containing pheasants, it is necessary to build a heating system.
In addition, the diet should contain a largeamount of vitamins and minerals. The bird must receive fresh greens and fish oil. Eggplant can reach 30 eggs per season. The maximum body weight is 1 kilogram.
The content of this breed is less troublesome,compared with diamond, so silver pheasants are the most common throughout the world. The birthplace of this bird is also China, but this breed perfectly adapts to the climatic regions of the area in which it is bred, so in our country silver pheasants are well established. This is due to the dense plumage, due to which the bird can withstand severe frosts. But the enclosure should be well protected from drafts, because otherwise pheasants can get sick and die.
The average weight of an adult body isabout 5 kilograms, and egg production is at the level of 50 eggs per season. One of the advantages of this breed is its quick weight gain, so it can be bred not only for the purpose of increasing the stock, but also for obtaining meat that has excellent taste qualities and is widely used in cooking for cooking a large number of dishes.
The content of the golden pheasant is one of thethe most simple, because this breed is one of the most unpretentious. This bird is not grown on an industrial scale because of its small size and low weight, but for decorative breeding it will fit perfectly.
In one season, a female golden pheasant is capable ofbring about 25 eggs. The maximum weight of an adult body reaches 1 kilogram. Meat does not have special taste qualities, therefore it is not used in cooking.
The room in which the golden pheasants are kept, inThe winter period should be heated, as the bird does not tolerate low temperatures. At a frost of 20 degrees, all livestock can die. Feed best with fresh herbs. In addition, the diet should also contain fish oil, as well as various supplements containing vitamins C, B6 and B12.
What to feed?
The content of pheasants requiresproper feeding. For feeding nestlings use bryozoans cooked from grated boiled eggs and fresh greens. Instead of water give serum. As chickens grow, combined feeds are gradually introduced into the daily diet. In the second week you can start to give millet porridge, cooked on milk. At the age of two months, you can completely transfer to the main food that is given to adult pheasants.
For feeding adults use wheat,barley, corn and fresh vegetables. To strengthen the immune system and increase the resistance of birds to diseases, ascorbic acid and sugar are added to the combined feed. Also, the essential components of the diet are fish oil and bone meal, which serve as an excellent source of trace elements.
In addition, the content of pheasant, regardless of age and breed, involves frequent water changes. The thing is that the bird drinks only cold water.
During the breeding season, pheasants should be given antibiotics that can increase egg production by about 40 percent.
Features of winter content
The content of pheasants in winter requires an increasedaily rate of feeding. In addition, birds need to give vitamin supplements to increase their resistance to negative environmental factors and diseases. In the poultry house, additional lighting should be created, since the optimal duration of a light day for pheasants is 14 hours. If this is not done, the bird will lose weight, and its growth and development will significantly slow down.
Disease and the fight against them
The content of pheasants on the plot isthe occupation is quite simple and uncompromising, since with proper care and feeding the bird is ill very rarely. But the probability of the disease still exists, so it is important to recognize the disease in time and begin the appropriate treatment.
All diseases to which pheasants are exposed can be divided into 3 categories:
To infectious diseases are various ailments,caused by viruses or fungi. These are smallpox, laryngotracheitis and aspergillosis. This category of diseases is the most dangerous, since in the absence of treatment the livestock dies very quickly.
Non-communicable diseases include dermatitis and emphysema. A diseased bird poses no threat to other individuals, but if it is not treated, it can die.
Invasive diseases are those caused by various parasites. These include scabies and infection with fluffy. For treatment, a 0.15% solution of non-healthy is used.
Advantages and disadvantages of pheasant breeding
Pheasants, the contents and care of which were previously considered, can be an excellent source of income.
The advantages of this business are:
- dietary meat, which has excellent taste qualities;
- low competition in this area.
Among the main shortcomings can be identified the need for large investments at the start-up phase of the business, as well as the creation of suitable conditions for maintenance.
As it has appeared, to look after the given birds notso it is difficult. The most important thing is to provide them with proper care. But anyway, to engage in breeding pheasants or not - each farmer decides for himself.
Nevertheless, if you do not want to do this on an industrial scale, you should certainly have at least a few individuals on your farm for the sake of dietary and incredibly tasty meat.