"Over eternal rest". Levitan. Picture, photo and story of creation
Wrote a beautiful painting "Above Eternal Peace"Levitan. The picture, over which he began to work in the summer of 1893, is now kept in the Tretyakov Gallery. Isaak Ilyich lived then on the Tver land among forests, rivers and lakes.
During one of the walks in the surroundingsthe artist saw Lake Udomlya. On the coast there is a poor rural churchyard, above the water there is a big storm cloud. A strong wind rocked the tops of the cemetery grove. It is this species that gives Levitan the idea of a new big picture.
A work that speaks to the viewer
Brush artist makes talkingThe space of the landscape "Above Eternal Peace". Levitan, whose picture was presented to a wide audience, hoped to tell them about the most important things for people. And when this work appears in 1894 at the exhibition of the Wanderers, astute critics will see that this is not even a landscape - it is a picture of a person's soul.
The picture "Above Eternal Peace" is appreciated by viewers beforejust for how her colors shine. It should be said directly that Isaak Ilich Levitan is an artist who made the greatest discovery in Russian art. He rediscovered the fact that later a remarkable researcher of ancient Russian culture, academician Dmitry Sergeevich Likhachev called landscape thinking.
Contradiction of two worlds
It turns out that in ancient times there was an ancienttradition of contemplation of spatial images. Observation of nature, as they said in olden days, "smart eyes", that is speculation. Or else - by spiritual meditation on the mysterious things surrounding a person. About God and the soul, about life and death, about the transience of earthly existence.
With the help of a solemnthe height of the sky and the deserted, almost lifeless space of the lake, the tragic structure of the painting, written by Isaak Levitan, "Above Eternal Peace", is being created. Because the viewer feels here the presence of two worlds: time and eternity. Opposing simple human concerns to divine perfection.
"Over eternal rest". Levitan. Description of a special spiritual perception
This sky, covered with formidable swirlingclouds, there is a surprisingly accurate poetic analogy of Feodor Ivanovich Tyutchev: "I look at inaccessible bulk for a whole hour ..." In the masterpiece "Above the Eternal Peace" Levitan, whose picture clearly conveys the feeling of thirst for the sky, peace and eternal peace, he was able, just like a talented poet, share his feelings. Impressions received by him during contemplation of this stormy sky and the beauty of the Russian landscape.
The lake on the canvas looks endless, practicallyLike sea. And the church that crowned the slope with a cross on the bulbous glacier seemed to be likened to a ship. According to the long Evangelical tradition, the head of the church is Christ, and only he can save a man whose life is nothing but a difficult and dangerous journey through the sea of everyday life.
Sentimentality or a unique gift
Isaak Ilich Levitan is an artist witha unique gift of spiritual perception of the world. And the picture "Above Eternal Peace" unequivocally testifies to this. But there is another very precious testimony, which is contained in the memoirs of the artist who knew Isaac Ilyich artist Konstantin Alekseevich Korovin.
In his memoirs it is described how Levitan couldsummer for hours on end lying on the grass and peering into the vast expanses of heaven. Heaven enraptured and inspired him. This is an amazing recollection. Because the Russian nature, in fact, can be seen with different eyes, and everyone perceives it in their own way.
Looking sentimentally, many people feel onthe heart is a sweet sadness, and in some it causes even tears. Also, Konstantin Alekseevich Korovin, seeing them in Levitan's eyes, decided that Isaak Ilyich was too sentimental. But the creator of the painting "Above Eternal Peace" completely differently looked at the surrounding nature. He contemplated the Russian landscape as God's creation. And not a sweet sadness, but a deep longing for something higher and unreachable filled him. This is how the deeply believing people look at the icon.
Testament to descendants
This is an unlimitedly talented masterpiece - "Over the Eternal"Levitan, whose picture today occupies one of the most honorable places in the halls of the famous Tretyakov Gallery, was a real great man, a genius and God's chosen. Everything that he created is insanely beautiful, new and unusual. different feelings. Someone thinks about unfulfilled hopes, others - about the meaning or insignificance of human life.
But the most remarkable thing written by IsaacIlyich, of course, is the creation "Above Eternal Peace". The brightest and happiest picture that remained as a testament for descendants, so that they looked at the sky as often as possible and admired its vast expanses, not forgetting the meaning of their own existence.