lamblia in children symptoms
Protozoal disease, which in humanscalled lamblia - L is called lambliasis. It is quite widespread and occurs as a result of the development of vital activity of parasites in the liver, as well as in the small intestine. At infection in a greater degree the person remains "healthy", but thus there is an infection of associates, since. he is the focus of infection. According to statistics in our country, adult infection rate is about 10%. And in children's groups in 40% of cases lamblias are observed in children, the symptoms do not appear immediately.
Ways of infection are quite extensive. You can get infected by contact with a sick person or after playing with a street cat, a dog that also as a mouse rodent is a carrier. In addition, you increase the likelihood of parasites entering the body if you drink unboiled tap water. Or maybe you bathe in polluted water bodies, in which lamblia cysts also live. For infection, you only need to swallow 10 pieces and have a decreased acidity. If these factors coincide - you are the "lucky" owner of Giardiasis.
Depending on the sources, the following routes of infection are distinguished:
- water - in this case, infection occurs due to the use of unboiled tap water. Also when swimming in open water;
- contact-household - as a result of communication withthe carrier of the disease, more precisely by contact through joint objects. Toys, dishes, linen can become a habitat for lamblia cysts. Children who constantly draw their hands in the mouth (gnaw nails, pencils, pens) or play with street animals, lamblia are found in 99.9% of cases. Therefore, the need to wash hands regularly and qualitatively comes first.
- food - infection occurs as a result ofthe use of food products not subject to heat treatment. Especially it concerns greenery, fresh fruits, berries and, of course, vegetables. Pay attention to the need for careful washing of juicy delicacies before consumption.
There are two forms of lamblia inhuman body. Their life activity parasites begin in the vegetative form in the upper sector of the small intestine. In the presence of this form of lamblia in children, symptoms may not appear. Only in the acute form of giardiasis is diarrhea observed at normal or slightly elevated temperature during the week. This disease is easily confused with intestinal infection. Because the presence of lamblia in children, the symptoms are typical of some other bowel diseases.
After passing his way through the subtlethe intestines of lamblia fall into thick and are transformed into cyst. Which is sent to the external environment, retaining its livelihood more than 2 months in the presence of a moist environment. Otherwise she lives no more than 5 days.
Chronic forms of lamblia infection are observedmainly in preschool and primary school children. In the absence of appropriate treatment, the disease leads to chronic, inflammatory processes and weakening of the immune system.
When infecting lamblia in children, the symptoms are:
- atypical state of weakness, fast fatigue, unmotivated irritability, a significant decrease in appetite or refusal to eat, frequent headaches, mild dizziness, anxious sleep;
- pallor and dryness of the skin, especially on the face (with an adequate level of hemoglobin);
- uneven skin color on the neck, abdomen, armpits;
- "Goosebumps" mainly on the elbows and knees;
- cracked lip rim;
- atopic dermatitis;
- frequent bloating, rumbling, flatulence, unstable stool, painful sensations when palpating the abdomen in the right hypochondrium
- increase in liver size, anemia, intestinal dysbiosis.