How does the bread bake?
Most people consume bread daily,but few of us think about the question of how bread bakes, what path he makes before getting to our table. It's about how bread is baked at bakeries, and we'll tell you in this article.
Before the bread falls on the shelves of shops, hepasses the basic stages of bakery. At the same time the process of cooking different types of bread is different, but it is still possible to identify the main phases of production. Let us dwell in more detail on each of them.
Stage 1: Preparation of raw materials
At this stage, raw materials are received and prepared for production. In the bakery use the following groups of raw materials:
- The main thing: flour, water, yeast, salt.
- Auxiliary: sugar, eggs, fatty foods (for example, butter), cereals, bran and so on.
Preparation of raw materials for production consists in its dissolution, mixing, filtration and so on.
Step 2: Preparation of the test
The dough is made according to the establishedrecipe. In different industries, the level of automation is different, but regardless of whether this process is automated or not, the ingredients for the test are mixed in specific proportions, and their weight is measured using various control techniques and metering devices (scales). After all, the taste of the final product will depend on how good the recipe is, and how clearly it is observed. That is, this stage, like baking bread, is very important and it is on it that the taste of bread on our table depends.
Kneading test can be fired and unpaired. When cooking the dough, its kneading takes place in two stages: first the opara is prepared, and then the dough is prepared on the basis of the dough. So in the production of rye bread, the premixing of the dough is made with leaven (opara). The amount of time for the preparation of the sponge varies depending on the type of the sponge and makes a period of time from 1 to 4.5 hours.
With a free-flowing method, the dough is kneaded in one step, and also kneaded twice during fermentation.
Step 3: Dividing the test
This stage of the process, like bread baking, includes the following operations:
- Dividing the dough into workpieces of the required weight. To obtain the given pieces, we use dough-cutting machines.
- Rounding of pieces occurs with the help of special machines.
- Preliminary proofing is necessary for the dough to become more pliable for forming. This procedure takes place in the workshop.
- Molding blanks. Depending on the type of product and the equipment of the enterprise, this operation can be performed either manually or by means of special conveyors.
- The final proof is carried out inSpecial cabinets, in which special conditions are maintained: temperature, humidity. The purpose of this operation is to bring the blanks to the desired dimensions and properties that are optimal for baking.
Step 4: baking
At this stage, the bread is sent to the oven,In addition, cuts or punctures are made on the products in order to avoid breaking the surface of the crust during baking. The cooking temperature of the products is 220-240 °. The cooking time depends on the weight and shape of the baking.
Step 5: Final
The given stage includes:
- Cooling of finished products. This operation is carried out in a special compartment with special conditions, usually in this department also the storage of products before their subsequent transportation.
- Cutting. Currently, bakery products are very popular in slicing, so often bread and loaves are cut using special equipment.
- Packing of finished products. After all the above procedures, bread is packed, now most of the bread is packed in bags or food film, the date of manufacture is also stamped on the packaging. The shelf life of bakery products varies, but on average it is 3 days.
Step 6: Storage and Transportation
After the products are packed, they expect to be shipped to stores, where they are purchased by end-users, that is, we are with you.
Now you know, the process of making bread,Also on the Internet is a video: how to bake bread, which graphically depicts the process of baking bread. In addition, it is worth noting that at each stage of production, product quality control takes place, and only those copies that meet the standards reach the consumer.