How do plants grow?

All plants are living organisms, so they aregrow and develop. Many people are interested in how plants grow, how it happens. Do you also want to know how a huge tree grows from a small seed? Now we will consider in detail the process of plant growth.

As you know, the adult plant does not appearin itself. Many plants grow from a normal, sometimes very small seed. First, a small sprout appears from the seed, which gradually becomes a young plant. Over time, the young plant develops and grows into an adult plant.

To fully understand why plants grow, it is necessary to understand what makes plants grow in length and thickness.

The plant increases in length due to divisioncells of special tissue, which is called educational. The thickening of the plant is due to an educational tissue called cambium. At the time of flowering, as well as in the interval between autumn and spring, the cells of this tissue no longer divide.

Before you figure out for yourself where the plants grow, it's worth talking about the conditions for their growth.

Growth conditions

As you know, plants need heat, because substances (enzymes) that accelerate the growth and development reactions will not work at low temperature.

Light is necessary in order to constantlythere was a reaction of photosynthesis, as a result of which organic substances are formed, oxygen is released from water and inorganic substances. Many plants love light, but there are also plants growing in the shade.

Plants get nutrients with water, without it there is no exchange of substances, and air is a source of carbon dioxide.

Types of plants

All plants can be divided into cultural andwild. This division is due to the fact that some plants are specially grown in special conditions in selected areas, including in their own garden, while others grow in nature by themselves.

Cultivated plants are sufficiently developedcompared with the wild, their bodies are quite large in size. And wild plants (weeds) grow as they please, exhibiting aggressive behavior towards cultivated plants.

Where do plants grow? Look around - the plants are everywhere! These are plants in parks and forests, and vegetables from my mother in the garden, and houseplants in the apartment. Plants grow everywhere, where there are conditions for their growth. And what are the conditions, we have already discussed a little higher.

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