How did people hunt?
Perhaps not to find such peoples and civilizations,who would not be engaged in hunting. Depending on climatic zones, social development and the diversity of the animal world, hunting in different parts of the world has its own specific features. Over time, hunting changed, but we can imagine how people hunted before. And about many other things that happened in the world and left its mark on history, you can read in the History section.
The primitive man, with the help of hunting,food and skins. In the prehistoric era, hunting objects were buffalo, deer, bears and mammoths. Hunting was collective, most often it involved all adult male tribes. This was a very important event, because it depended on his outcome, the tribe would starve or live in satiety.
In caves inhabited in prehistoric timespeople, researchers find a lot of drawings depicting hunting scenes. People dug a huge and deep pit in the ground and covered it with branches. Animals, for example, mammoths were driven into these traps and killed with stones and clubs. In addition, in the late Stone Age, the bow and sling were used, as well as various nets and harpoons.
With the beginning of the development of cattle breeding, hunting beganthe destiny of only a few people, but continued to occupy an important place in society. At that time, people began to use dogs as hunters.
How people hunted in antiquity
In the Ancient World, hunting was practiced both for fun,and as an additional source of food. On one of the Egyptian murals depicts a pharaoh, floating in a boat on the Nile. In one hand, the pharaoh keeps the herons caught, in the other - his weapons, a special throwing stick. It is known that at that time there were special hunting parks; fenced places for royal hunting. Commoners were forbidden to hunt there. The objects of hunting of kings and nobles were lions, antelopes, deer, foxes, various birds and rabbits. Sometimes the animals caught were sent as an expensive gift to other countries.
In Asia, hunting with hunting birds was more popular, more often with falcons. Falconry was known in Central Asia, China and even in Ancient Rus. Specially trained hunting birds were highly valued.
Hunting in the Middle Ages and New Time
In the Middle Ages in Europe, hunting was aa magnificent celebration of the nobility. Hunting trophies, for example, boar heads decorated halls in castles, emphasizing the high status of their master. For the enclosure animals used dogs of special breeds. In the hunting grounds, most often in the woods around the castles, there were special watchmen who watched the number of animals and poached poachers.
In Russia dog hunting has been known since the 15th century. Firearms, which appeared around that time, were actively used by both noble and simple hunters. Hunting was not so much a means for obtaining food as an indicator of wealth and status. The right to hunt was not all. There was also commercial hunting for the skins of fur-bearing animals, which in ancient times had a huge cost.
In 1859 in Moscow, the Society of Hunting was established, and in 1872 the Imperial Society for the Development of Hunting Animal Species was established. This society was engaged in the control of hunting. Then the etiquette of hunters appeared and some rules of hunting. All these measures were created for the convenience of the hunters themselves, as well as for the conservation of the number of game animals. In addition, special reserves for the conservation of animal populations are organized.
Now there are many hunting grounds andreserves. Everyone who wants to become a hunter registers his weapon and acquires a hunting ticket that allows hunting only in certain places, only at a certain time and only for a certain kind of animals. Thanks to this regulation of hunting, animals are not shot back thoughtlessly.