Harmonization of the transition to new methods of analyzing economic activity in the environmental field
Comprehensive analysis of the reform processRussian economy of recent years reveals the need to apply new types of analysis of economic activity, because the previously developed method of comprehensive analysis of economic activities requires radical changes. In the field of nature management, in particular, it can be argued that the former directively defined methods of analyzing economic activities, categories and indicators, through which the effectiveness of environmental decisions were assessed, are not adequate to the new economic conditions.
The problematic ecological heritageadministrative and legal system predetermined the stagnation of modern nature management, which has increased many times in the conditions of socio-political transformations of the Russian state. The severity of the national environmental and economic crisis is such that the search for a solution to problems can not be postponed even for the very near future, requiring the adoption of the most cardinal nature conservation decisions and the transition to modern methods of analyzing economic activity in the environmental sphere. However, it should be noted that in the environmental protection practice of Russian economic entities prevent any (preventively subjective or, in other words, randomly selected) preventive measures to be implemented, but only the most its effective methods of economic analysis, determined on a competitive basis and at the same time maximize both financial and economic, and resource saving of natural resources. The problem of authentic ecological and economic choice becomes even more urgent in the conditions of structural imperfection of the Russian economy, which almost completely excluded the targeted investment by the state of nature restoration projects and, as a result, placed the responsibility for their timely implementation and the search for the resources necessary for the purposes of industrial and environmental sanitation on the shoulders themselves. In this context, the priority scientific task in the environmental segment ente Russian economy seems to formation of a new progressive methodological concept, which purpose is to equally reflecting the dominant economic and environment protection, specify the business entities the most preferred way of investing in green business. Such a conceptual and methodological toolkit differs from the currently known ones in that, in its substantial essence, it should represent such methods of analyzing economic activity that represent a synthesis of environmental and financial indicators constructed using traditional methods for the domestic economic school (for example, classical directions of structural and functional analysis), and relatively new, less common achievements of foreign economic thought ( particular methodological approaches "cost - efficiency" and "cost - benefit").
Scientific and practical experience of nature conservation indifferent countries provides convincing evidence of effective operation of nature management, however, there are no grounds for choosing the optimal combinations of methodologies. Moreover, since such conceptual approaches are not adapted to specific Russian economic, environmental and social conditions (do not take into account their specifics), they can be used only as abstract models that need additional modification. The recent intensification of interstate environmental cooperation, as well as the strengthening of integration processes in the domestic economy of nature management, necessitated the use of unified methodological criteria for assessing the effectiveness of environmental protection actions. However, the situation is significantly hampered by the fact that the problem of assessing the effectiveness of environmental sanitation in the foreign and domestic economic science is represented by a wide range of opinions, often diametrically opposed.