A short biography of Tolstoy Leo Nikolayevich - childhood and adolescence, finding a place in life
In 1828 in the estate of Yasnaya Polyana, on August 26,the future great Russian writer Leo Tolstoy was born. The family was well-born - his ancestor was a nobleman, who received a title for his services to Tsar Peter. The mother was from an ancient noble family of Volkonsk. Belonging to the privileged strata of society influenced the writer's behavior and thoughts throughout his life. A short biography of Tolstoy Leo Nikolayevich does not fully disclose the whole history of the ancient family of the family.
Serene life in Yasnaya Polyana
The writer's childhood was quite prosperous,despite the fact that he lost his mother early. Thanks to family stories, he kept her bright image in her memory. A short biography of Tolstoy Leo Nikolayevich testifies that his father was the embodiment of beauty and power for the writer. He instilled in the boy a love for dog hunting, which was later described in detail in the novel War and Peace.
A close relationship was with the elder brotherNicholas - he taught little Levushka different games and told him interesting stories. Tolstoy's first story - "Childhood" - contains many autobiographical memories of the writer's childhood years.
Serene joyful stay in Yasnaya Polyanawas interrupted due to the death of his father. In 1837 the family moved to Kazan under the care of her aunt. In this city, according to a brief biography of Lev Nikolaevich Tolstoy, the writer's youth passed. Here he entered in 1844 in the university - first on the philosophical, and then on the law faculty. True, the study attracted him a little, the student preferred various entertainments and binges more.
In this period of time a brief biography of TolstoyLeo Nikolaevich characterizes him as a man who disdainfully treated the people of the lower, non-aristocratic class. He denied history as a science - in his eyes it had no practical utility. Sharpness of his judgments the writer has preserved throughout his life.
In the role of landlord
In 1847, after not having graduated from university,Tolstoy decides to return to Yasnaya Polyana and try to arrange the life of his serfs. Reality sharply disagreed with the views of the writer. The peasants did not understand the master's intentions, and the short biography of Tolstoy Leo Nikolayevich describes the experience of his management as unsuccessful (the writer shared it in his story "The Morning of the Landlord"), so he leaves his estate.
The Way of Becoming a Writer
Several subsequent years inPetersburg and Moscow, did not pass for the future of the great prose writer for nothing. From 1847 to 1852, diaries were kept, in which Leo Nikolayevich Tolstoy carefully verified all his thoughts and reflections. A brief biography tells that while working in the Caucasus, work is in progress on the narrative "Childhood", which will be printed in the journal Sovremennik a little later. This marked the beginning of the creative path of the great Russian writer.
Ahead of the writer awaits the creation of his great works "War and Peace" and "Anna Karenina", and while he hones his style, printing in Sovremennik and basking in favorable reviews of critics.
Late years of creativity
In 1855, Tolstoy briefly comes toPetersburg, but literally in a couple of months leaves it and settles in Yasnaya Polyana, having opened there a school for peasant children. In 1862, he married Sofia Bers and in the early years was very happy.
In 1863-1869 years the novel was written and developed"War and Peace", which little resembled the classic version. There are no traditional key elements of that time. Or rather, they are present, but are not key.
1877 - Tolstoy finished the novel "Anna Karenina", in which the internal monologue is repeatedly used.
Since the second half of the 60s Tolstoyis experiencing a creative crisis that managed to be overcome only at the turn of the 1870s-80s by completely rethinking its former life. Then there is a discord in the family of Tolstoy - his wife categorically did not accept his new views. The ideas of the late Tolstoy are similar to the socialist doctrine, with the only difference being that he was an opponent of the revolution.
In 1896-1904 Tolstoy finished the story "Hadji Murat", which was published after his death, which occurred in November 1910 at the station Astapovo Ryazan-Ural road.