10 criminals who became popular movie heroes
Most famous criminals are awardedonly one or two significant incarnations in the big cinema. But there are villains so legendary that they again and again return to the frame - under their own names or as obvious prototypes of fictitious scoundrels. What is this "criminal elite"?
The era of "dry law" and the Great Depressionsadly famous in American history as the heyday of organized crime. However, in addition to the grandiose syndicates, small gangs raged in the country, which did not sell alcohol and did not engage in racketeering, but simply robbed banks. The public knew these criminals far better than the secret mafia leaders, and the FBI was created primarily to deal with exactly such "open" gangsters operating throughout America, and not only in their home state.
The most famous and insolent of them was JohnDillinger, whose gang robbed 24 banks and 4 police stations. His crimes have inspired Hollywood since the early 1940s. Among all the paintings about him two stand out - the 1973 film Dillinger, staged by the future director of Conan the Barbarian, John Milius, and the recent tape of Michael Mann, Johnny D., in which Johnny Depp played the title criminal.
One of the most beloved gangsters of Americans,long considered the real Robin Hood of the Wild West. However, the stories of eyewitnesses and members of his gang, after the death of Jesse, showed a diametrically opposite picture. Jesse James was an excellent shooter and his skill is often used for robbery and murder only for the benefit of himself and his gang. From 1866 to 1882, Jesse James's band engaged in looting banks, trains, random carriages, murders of local sheriffs and landowners.
The movie prototypes of gangster Jesse are about 30, and the most famous is Brad Pitt in "How the Coward Robert Ford Killed Jesse James" 2007.
Who was a maniac, nicknamed Zodiac, whokilled seven people and who teased the police, sending her letters with encrypted messages? Probably, we will never know it. Although official and voluntary investigators offered many versions, none of them has ever evolved from a hypothesis into a proven theory.
But what stopped the police, it did not stopscreenwriters, and they have almost half a century come up with their own explanations of Zodiac's crimes or create fictional villains on the basis of this maniac. The most famous of all screen incarnations of the Zodiac was the police thriller "Dirty Harry" (the villain was called Scorpio) and David Fincher's detective tape "Zodiac."
One of the most prominent representatives of the Jewishmafia mid-XX century in the US and the most famous gangster of the 40-50's, horrifying Los Angeles, in addition - the son of Jewish immigrants, immigrants from Ukraine. Mickey Cohen is a true record holder. He joined the criminal path as early as 9 years, illegally selling alcohol at the height of the "Dry Law". Soon there were armed robberies, contract killings, and reductions.
Miki Cohen, like Al Capone, became the prototypefor the classic hero of gangster tapes, and inspired directors more than once. One of the latest movie adaptations of the story about Mickey Cohen was the movie "Hunters on gangsters" in 2013, where the mafia played Sean Penn. For the film, Penn spent a lot of time in the dressing room, so that the actor on the screen is almost unrecognizable.
Boston Ganster, 16 years old hiding frompolice. James Whitey Bulger is on the list of the most famous criminals in US history. Since 1975, cooperation with the FBI has ensured him immunity in exchange for information about his colleagues. In 1995, Bulger disappears after learning about the impending arrest. The offender manages to hide from justice for 16 years. The arrest took place in the summer of 2011, after which the 80-year-old gangster was given two lifelong terms.
In the movie Whitey Balger managed to play twoHollywood actors. The hero of Jack Nicholson, Frank Costello in the film "The Departed" Martin Scorsese was written off from Balger, and very soon the Black Mass is released - the adaptation of James White's biography, where Johnny Depp played the famous gangster.
Mentally ill American killer and necrophilicEd Gain under his own name was a figurant of only a few tertiary paintings. But he was a source of inspiration for the creators of a whole series of fictional maniacs, because only people with an extremely gloomy imagination could come up with such a disgusting "head out of the head".
Norman Bates of "Psycho," a Leather Person from"The Texas Chainsaw Massacre," Buffalo Bill of "The Silence of the Lambs," the Bloody Face of the series "The American History of Horror" - these are the offspring of Hein. If it were not for him, the genre of "slasher" would have looked quite different. At the same time on the criminal account of Guin there were only two women killed. He drew the attention of journalists and writers not by the number of murders, but by what he did with corpses - usually excavated at a nearby cemetery.
After the banditry of the 1990s ended,many in Russia have tried to forget the events of that time as a terrible dream. Therefore, now the "super-killer" Alexander Solonika (Alexander the Great), who during the investigation confessed to the murder of twenty people, mostly competitors of the Kurgan OPG, and then fled the isolation ward and hid in Greece, rarely recalled.
But in our cinema and especially in our criminalseries Solonik under different names represented much broader than Chikatilo. "24 hours", "Trap for the killer", "National Security Agent-3: Game", "Alexander the Great, or Killer of the Mafia", "March of the Turkish-2. Werewolf "," Ice Age "... And so on.
William Henry McCarthy, nicknamed Baby Billy
Billy McCarthy lived only 21 years, and during his lifetimehe was a little-known criminal from the Wild West who participated in the "disassembly" of influential traders who hired bandits to get rid of competitors. However, the circumstances have developed so that after the death of Baby Billy turned into almost the most famous criminal of the Wild West.
The idle authors attributed him several timesmore murders than he actually did, and endowed him with precision and charisma, by which he was hardly different. As a result, Kid Billy became the most popular film personality of the heyday of westerns. In different years, the heroes inspired by them were played by such stars as Robert Taylor, Paul Newman and Marlon Brando. Later, in 1988, Emilio Estevez played Billy in the Young Guns.
If Don Corleone became a symbol of the fictionalMafiosi, then Al Capone - a real mafia. Brooklyn gangster, who became the king of the underworld Chicago, he generously donated to charity and wanted to be considered modern Robin Hood. However, the Americans understood that they were dealing with a notorious scoundrel, and no one was crying when Capone was succeeded in imprisonment for non-payment of taxes (nothing else could be hanged on him).
The first films inspired by his story,appeared in the very beginning of the 1930s - even before he began to serve his conclusion. Since then, he repeatedly appeared on the small and large screens. The most famous are "his" tapes like "The Face with a Scar" (1930's film, not the 1980's), "In Jazz Only Girls", "Untouchables" and "Dick Tracy".
The Colombian drug lord, billionaire andpolitical figure. Escobar went down in history as one of the most audacious and cruel criminals of the 20th century, not only in Colombia, but in the whole world. Killing judges, prosecutors, journalists, destroying civilian aircraft, police stations and personally executing their victims, he was also popular with young people and the poor.
Escobar grew up and almost all his life he lived inthe Colombian city of Medellin. To get the location of the local population, Escobar built free housing, paved roads, built stadiums, hotels and resort centers.
In 1989, the magazine Forbes estimated his conditionin more than 1 billion dollars.